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The morphology of the landscape and the location of Crete in the center of the Mediterranean have a direct effect on the climate of the prefecture of Chania which is characterized as temperate Mediterranean and particularly dry with sunlight 70% of the year. Winter is mild and the climate from November to March is characterized as cold, but not frosty with frequent showers. A white carpet of snow may often be seen covering the peaks of the White Mountain range at the beginning of December that lasts until the end of May but rarely will it be observed in the plains. The weather in April is sweet and pleasant and few are the times when the sunlight is suddenly replaced by light rain.

In October it rarely rains, the weather is still warm and mild and a dip in the sea is still a pleasant one. May and September are usually sunny, but not excessively warm. The summer however is quite hot and arid with June and July being the hottest months of the year and without rainfall. In the semi mountainous and mountainous regions of the prefecture the temperatures are lower, whereas in the southern coast and in the inland plains it is higher by a few degreesThe natural environment of the prefecture of Chania, as in all of Crete, is preserved in very good condition. The beaches are clean and large areas of untamed nature on the inner part of the island remain unspoilt. The rich geomorphology and the temperate climate favour the growth of more than 2100 indigenous plants,

Κάντε κλικ για να δείτε την εικόνα σε πλήρες μέγεθος

Κάντε κλικ για να δείτε την εικόνα σε πλήρες μέγεθος

300 of which are endemic,while endemic animals complete the mosaic of Cretan nature. In the prefecture of Chania one will come across eight zones: coastal, lowland, sub-mountainous, mountainous, sub-alpine, alpine, wetlands and gorges/ravines each one with its unique flora and fauna. Many of these biotopes are now protected under Natura 2000 (the shores of Platanias, Gerani, Pirgos Psilonerou, Maleme, lake of Agia, lake of Kournas, Gavdos, Elafonisi, the promontories of Gramvousa and Agia Irini) or have been characterized as national parks (gorge of Samaria).

The Cretan civilization has been closely connected to nature from time immemorial and the respect of the Cretan people towards the world which surrounds them is mirrored not only in their way of life but also in their art and religion. The modern Cretan still feels that primeval bond and without much effort he succeeds a harmonious coexistence with the environment. A much loved decorative motif of Minoan art, the lily of the sea (Pancratium maritimum) and the violet of the sea (Matthiola ticuspidata) grow in the coastal regions where the sea turtles (Careta careta) lay eggs. Every spring the prefecture of Chania is ornamented with a feast of colours from the plethora of blossoming trees, bushes and flowers, while the intoxicating aromas from the herbs infuse the air. The animal kingdom, rejuvenated from the wintry respite, swarms the countryside without seeming to be annoyed in the slightest by the presence of man.

Κάντε κλικ για να δείτε την εικόνα σε πλήρες μέγεθος